You can receive a permanent residence permit (P) if
- you have lived in Finland at least four years with an A permit
- you have not lived abroad for more than two years during this period
- the prerequisites for the granting of the continuous residence permit are still in place.
If you had an A permit when you came to Finland, the four year period is considered to begin on the day of your arrival in Finland. If you received the A permit in Finland, the four year period is considered to begin on the day the first A permit came into effect. If you have received international protection in Finland, the four year period is considered to begin on the day of your arrival in Finland.
A permanent residence permit can be denied in the following cases:
- You have committed an offence for which you can be sentenced to prison
- You are suspected of committing an offence for which you can be sentenced to imprisonment
- You have committed two or more offences
- You are suspected of two or more offences
The permanent residence permit is valid until further notice. However, the permit can be cancelled if you move permanently away from Finland or live continuously abroad for more than two years, or if you submitted false information when applying for the permit.
EU residence permit for third-country nationals with long-term EU resident status
A third-country national is a citizen of a country other than one of the Nordic or EU countries, Liechtenstein or Switzerland.
You can receive a third-country national’s EU residence permit (P-EU) if:
- you have lived in Finland at least five years with an A permit,
- you have not lived abroad for longer than ten months during this time, and
- the grounds for the previous permits are still valid.
A P-EU permit is applied for in the same way as a permanent residence permit.
The P-EU permit is valid until further notice.
P-EU permits can be denied for the same reasons as in the case of permanent residence permits.
How to apply for a permanent residence permit
Apply for a permanent residence permit in the Enter Finland service:
- Log in. Confirm your identity using your online banking credentials, Citizen Certificate or Mobile ID.
- Fill in the application form and include the required enclosures. Information on the necessary enclosures can be found on the website of the Finnish Immigration Service. Also pay the residence permit processing fee.
- You should visit a service point of the Finnish Immigration Service within three months. Book an appointment in advance from the appointment booking service on the website of the Finnish Immigration Service.
- Check your Enter Finland account regularly. If further clarifications are needed, you will be informed via your account. You will also be notified of the decision via your account.
If you are unable or do not know how to apply for a permanent residence permit online:
- Apply for a permanent residence permit with a paper application.
- Print out an appropriate form from the Finnish Immigration Service website and fill it in with care. An incorrectly filled application will not be accepted.
- Book an appointment in advance from the appointment booking service on the website of the Finnish Immigration Service.
- Take your filled-in application form, the enclosures and copies of the enclosures, your passport and a passport photo with you to the service point.
- When submitting your application, you must pay a processing fee.
Finnish Immigration ServicePermanent residence permitLink redirects to another website
The Finnish Immigration ServiceApplication formLink redirects to another website
Finnish Immigration ServiceService points of the Finnish Immigration ServiceLink redirects to another website
Finnish Immigration ServiceElectronic appointment bookingLink redirects to another website
You normally need to prove your identity within three months of submitting the application. Due to the coronavirus situation, the identification period has been extended to 30 October 2022.
More detailed instructions on how to apply for a residence permit and to visit a service point during the coronavirus epidemic, please visit the website of the Finnish Immigration Service.
Read about the impact of coronavirus on residence permits on the InfoFinland page Coronavirus and moving to Finland.